Green Life Zen

Microgreens are a type of vegetable that is harvested within seven to fourteen days after germination. These small greens can be grown indoors or outdoors and are easy to cultivate, making them an attractive option for home gardeners who want fresh ingredients year-round.

This article will provide an overview of the steps necessary to successfully grow microgreens in one's own home. Various topics such as soil preparation, water requirements, and harvesting tips will be discussed in order to help ensure the successful cultivation of these flavorful vegetables.

Selecting The Right Seeds

The cultivation of microgreens is becoming increasingly popular amongst home gardeners. With its myriad of health benefits, it's no surprise that more and more individuals are looking to reap the rewards of growing their own edible plants in the comfort of their homes. But where should one begin? Selecting the right seeds for your crop is a crucial first step in achieving success with any gardening endeavor.

When choosing the type of seed you will use to grow your microgreens, it’s important to consider factors such as climate, soil preferences, germination rates and disease resistance. A wide range of options exist from classic favorites like kale and arugula to specialty varieties like cress or chervil which can offer unique flavors and textures. Additionally, some hybridized varieties have been known to produce better yields than traditional heirloom types so researching what works best in your particular locale may be beneficial.

It’s also worth noting that organic-certified seeds are available on the market today though they often come at a higher cost compared to non-organic alternatives. Ultimately, whether you decide on an organic variety or not depends on individual preference but either way selecting high quality seeds is essential for a successful harvests down the line.

Taking into account these various considerations when deciding on what type of seed to purchase is vital for producing delicious results later on – a vegetable gardener’s dream! As we move ahead towards soil preparation techniques, it becomes clear why this foundational decision matters so much for optimal growth outcomes.

Soil Preparation

Once the right microgreen seeds have been selected, it is time to prepare the soil.

The most important aspect of successful soil preparation for microgreens is an even distribution of nutrients and moisture.

To achieve this, gardeners should use a light-textured potting mix that contains some organic matter such as compost or manure, along with vermiculite or perlite for aeration.

If using seed trays instead of individual pots, then mix in some course sand to improve drainage before sowing the seeds.

It is also advisable to adjust pH levels according to what type of microgreen you are growing; they typically prefer slightly acidic soils between 5.5 and 6.8 on the pH scale.

Adding fertilizer can further help boost nutrient content within the soil, but make sure not to add too much as overfertilization can lead to stunted growth or discoloration of foliage.

Microgreens do not need large amounts of fertilizers since their roots systems tend to be shallow and small so just a few tablespoons will suffice when blended into the soil.

Additionally, if possible try sourcing natural fertilizer sources like kelp meal which provide both nitrogen and trace elements beneficial for your plants’ health.

When finished preparing the soil, it is now time to move onto water requirements for optimal microgreen production.

As these crops thrive best in moist environments, gardeners must ensure that their plants receive regular watering throughout the entire germination process up until harvest day arrives.

Water Requirements

Proper hydration is an essential element of a successful microgreens growing experience. To ensure that this outcome is achieved, there are several key components to consider:

  1. Water source: Tap water or filtered water are both excellent choices for watering microgreens. For the healthiest plants, it's important to avoid distilled or softened water as these can be high in salts and minerals which may interfere with optimal growth.
  2. Frequency: Microgreens should only need to be watered once every couple days depending on how quickly your climate dries out the soil. Using a spray bottle can help control overwatering from occurring by allowing you to evenly distribute small amounts of water across all areas of the container without over-saturating any one spot.
  3. Timing: Aim to water your microgreens either early morning or late evening when temperatures outside are cooler than during midday hours so that the heat does not cause too much evaporation before your seedlings have had time to absorb the moisture they need. Additionally, avoiding wetting foliage directly helps reduce risk of fungal diseases like powdery mildew.

The next critical aspect of successful microgreen cultivation is temperature and lighting considerations - two factors that go hand in hand in determining overall plant vigor and yield potential!

Temperature And Lighting Considerations

Temperature and lighting are key considerations when growing microgreens. The ideal temperature range for germination is between 65-75°F, with an optimal temperature of 70°F.

Microgreens should be kept in a warm, bright area; however, they do not require direct sunlight to thrive. A south or east facing window will usually provide enough light for the plants to grow correctly. If grown indoors, fluorescent bulbs can be used to supplement any lack of natural light.

When it comes to watering your microgreen sprouts, it’s important to keep them moist without over saturating them as this could cause mould growth. You should aim for soil that feels like a damp sponge rather than wet mud when you touch it – if there’s standing water at the bottom of your tray after watering then too much has been added.

Sprinkle water on top of the soil as opposed to pouring into the tray itself and always check moisture levels before and after each watering session.

Optimal air circulation helps prevent fungal diseases and encourages healthy root growth in general, so make sure your trays are spaced appropriately during cultivation period. It's also beneficial to use shallow containers which allow ample airflow around each tray while still retaining optimum amounts of moisture in the soil.

By taking these simple steps you'll ensure that your microgreens get all the nutrients they need throughout their short life cycle while avoiding potential problems down the line. With careful attention given to both temperature and lighting requirements along with proper irrigation techniques, growers can expect successful harvests from their indoor crop setup.

Harvesting Tips

Harvesting microgreens at home is an exciting and rewarding experience. To successfully harvest, ensure you have the right materials and follow the steps outlined below.

First, gather the necessary supplies for harvesting your microgreens:

  • Sharp scissors or a knife;
  • A bowl to collect cut greens;
  • Gloves (optional);
  • A damp cloth.

When ready to harvest, hold the tray of grown microgreens in one hand while using the scissors or knife held in the other. Cut selecting individual stems close to soil level rather than uprooting them.

After cutting each stem, place it into the bowl with one hand while holding onto the tray with your other hand. This will minimize any mess during harvesting.

Once all desired stems are harvested, use a damp cloth to wipe off excess dirt from your hands as well as from the leaves that were cut from their stalks. Your freshly harvested microgreens are now ready to be enjoyed!

Microgreen harvesting can seem daunting at first but following these simple instructions will make sure that you get great results every time. With practice and patience you’ll soon become an expert harvester and enjoy fresh produce year-round!

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Does It Take To Grow Microgreens?

Growing microgreens typically takes between 7-14 days, depending on the variety of microgreen and environmental conditions.

During this period, it is important to ensure that adequate moisture and lighting are used in order to promote healthy growth.

The optimal temperature range for most varieties is 18–24 °C (64-75°F).

Additionally, sufficient oxygenation should be provided; too much water can cause drowning and rotting of the seeds.

Properly timed harvesting at the cotyledon stage will maximize yields as well as nutritional value.

What Type Of Containers Should I Use To Grow Microgreens?

When it comes to cultivating microgreens, the type of container you choose is essential.

For optimal growth, containers should be shallow and have drainage holes in the bottom.

Avoid using plastic trays or any other non-porous material as they can trap moisture and lead to root rot.

Instead, opt for ceramic, terracotta or wooden planters that allow easy access to air circulation and provide an ideal environment for your plants to flourish.

Make sure the chosen pot is large enough so that when harvested, there will still be room left for more microgreens to grow.

How Often Should I Water My Microgreens?

When watering microgreens, the frequency should depend on several factors such as soil type, climate and air temperature.

In general, it is recommended to water the plants when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.

It is important to avoid over-watering which can lead to root rot or other diseases that may affect growth.

Additionally, be sure to use warm water for optimal absorption by the roots and better overall health of the plants.

Are There Any Special Fertilizers Needed For Growing Microgreens?

Fertilizers are not needed to grow microgreens, however they can help increase the nutrient content of the crop.

For example, a case study involving basil and cress found that adding liquid fish fertilizer increased the levels of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium in both crops significantly.

Generally speaking, experienced gardeners recommend using an organic fertilizer such as compost tea or worm castings when growing microgreens at home.

It is important to note that fertilizers should only be used if necessary and applied lightly since too much fertilizer can damage the delicate seedlings.

Do I Need To Prune My Microgreens?

Pruning microgreens is not necessary for growth and development, however it can be done if desired.

The pruned leaves of the microgreen may provide a more aesthetically pleasing look to your crop as well as help accommodate larger growing plants by removing any excess foliage that might otherwise hinder the growth of other greens in its vicinity.

Additionally, careful pruning can prevent overcrowding and potential health issues associated with too many competing plants.


The art of growing microgreens is truly a craft that requires dedication and patience. The entire process, from planting to harvesting takes around two weeks or more depending on the variety being grown.

With proper care and attention, anyone can successfully cultivate their own microgreen garden with stunning results! Microgreens are packed full of flavor and nutrition, making them an ideal addition to any meal.

Not only do they provide excellent taste but also bring life to your dishes with vibrant color and texture. By taking these simple steps when growing microgreens at home, growers will experience amazing yields in no time at all.